## What are Cash Flow Ratios?

Cash flow ratios are important financial metrics used by investors and analysts to measure the liquidity, efficiency, and profitability of a company. These ratios help investors to understand how much cash is available to a company to pay its expenses and make investments. There are several cash flow ratios used by analysts and investors, including the cash flow coverage ratio, cash flow margin ratio, current liability coverage ratio, price to cash flow ratio, and cash flow to net income ratio.

## Cash Flow Coverage Ratio

The cash flow coverage ratio measures the company's ability to pay its obligations using its cash flow. This ratio is calculated by dividing the company's operating cash flow by its total debt service. The total debt service includes all principal and interest payments on the company's debt.

A high cash flow coverage ratio indicates that a company has sufficient cash flow to cover its debt service obligations. This means that the company is less likely to default on its debt payments. On the other hand, a low cash flow coverage ratio suggests that a company may have difficulty meeting its debt obligations.

## Cash Flow Margin Ratio

The cash flow margin ratio measures the cash flow generated by a company as a percentage of its sales revenue. This ratio is calculated by dividing the company's operating cash flow by its sales revenue.

A high cash flow margin ratio indicates that a company is generating a significant amount of cash flow relative to its sales revenue. This suggests that the company is operating efficiently and generating strong profits. On the other hand, a low cash flow margin ratio suggests that a company may be struggling to generate sufficient cash flow from its sales revenue.

## Current Liability Coverage Ratio

The current liability coverage ratio measures a company's ability to pay its short-term liabilities using its current assets. This ratio is calculated by dividing the company's current assets by its current liabilities.

A high current liability coverage ratio indicates that a company has sufficient current assets to cover its current liabilities. This means that the company is less likely to have to rely on external financing to meet its short-term obligations. On the other hand, a low current liability coverage ratio suggests that a company may have difficulty meeting its short-term obligations.

## Price to Cash Flow Ratio

The price to cash flow ratio measures a company's market value relative to its cash flow. This ratio is calculated by dividing the company's market capitalization by its operating cash flow.

A low price to cash flow ratio suggests that a company may be undervalued by the market. This means that investors may see the company as having strong cash flow potential and potential for growth. On the other hand, a high price to cash flow ratio suggests that a company may be overvalued by the market. This means that investors may see the company as having limited cash flow potential and limited potential for growth.

Cash Flow to Net Income Ratio

The cash flow to net income ratio measures the amount of cash flow generated by a company relative to its net income. This ratio is calculated by dividing the company's operating cash flow by its net income.

A high cash flow to net income ratio indicates that a company is generating a significant amount of cash flow relative to its net income. This suggests that the company is operating efficiently and generating strong profits. On the other hand, a low cash flow to net income ratio suggests that a company may be struggling to generate sufficient cash flow from its net income.

## Conclusion

Cash flow ratios are important financial metrics that help investors and analysts to evaluate a company's liquidity, efficiency, and profitability. By understanding these ratios, investors can make more informed investment decisions and assess the financial health of a company. Some of the most important cash flow ratios include the cash flow coverage ratio, cash flow margin ratio, current liability coverage ratio, price to cash flow ratio, and cash flow to net income ratio.